• Project entitled "Behavioral Analysis of Farmers Decision Making on Agricultural Innovations" under ICAR NBFSFARA grant (NFBSFARA/Extn- 4022/2014-15). Started on April 1st, 2014 and ends on March 31st, 2016


  1. To assess the farmers' decision making process in selection, adoption and continuation of innovations in different cropping systems of Karnataka and Gujarat to evolve innovation-decision process models. 
  2. To analyze the influence of push factors exerted from technology generation, dissemination and facilitation systems and the pull factors emanated from technology utilization, marketing and consumption systems on the farmers' decision making in the two states. 
  3. To categorize farmers on the basis of adoption rate for specific innovations and determine their characteristics based on which recommend strategies to hasten innovation decision among late adopters.

Gujarat has been chosen as having considerably higher agricultural growth rate over the last few years continuously. Gujarat farmers are known for their innovativeness. Farmers' personality traits, situation factors and the support systems may be significantly different across the state and a thorough investigation into the role of these on the innovation decision making process is possible. Hence Gujarat state has been chosen as study area.

Agro-Climatic Zones and Cropping Systems: Three to four agro-climatic zones as Gujarat having commonalities in cropping systems have been selected for the project. It is proposed to study following cropping systems that prevail in the State.  

  • Irrigated Situation: Paddy - Paddy,Cotton/Cotton -Vegetables, Groundnut- Rabi Sorghum Vegetables (Potato/ Tomato)
  • Rainfed Situation: Paddy - Pulse/Maize-Pulse/Groundnut - Pulse

Selection of the villages: Identified 10 villages in 5 selected cropping systems of Gujarat and carried out participatory appraisal of villages. There were 10 villages viz. Vasda and Ranpur from Deesa taluka, Barvala and Simasi from Junagadh taluka, Rajpara and Jotingda from Botad taluka, Dumlav and Saradiya from Godhara taluka and Kharenti and Nagrama from Matar taluka.

• Restoring the Ganges: Healthier Rivers for Safer Water and more productive agro-ecosystems

Centre for Rural-Urban Dynamics (CRUD) at IRMA has secured research funding for a project titled as 'Restoring the Ganges: Healthier Rivers for Safer Water and more productive agro-ecosystems' from CGIAR for the period 1st April 2015 to 31st December 2016. The centre will be undertaking research on pollution/sanitation and ecosystem development issues in the Ganges basin. The research and policy involvement will be in rural, urban and peri-urban areas of the basin. CRUD will be associating with International Water Management Institute (Colombo), WWF (N. Delhi) and IIT (Kanpur) on this assignment.The research team will be constituted of Mukul Kumar, Ila Patel and Indranil De.

• Assessment on the working of SEWA Federation at Anand for the Advisory Committee of IFC supported Lilavati Project of SEWA Bank/SEWA, Ahmedabad. 
(Prof. H.S.Shylendra)

• Proposed : A Case Study on the Ragpickers Cooperative in Anand town.
(Prof. H.S. Shylendra)


• Impact Assessment of Community Development Work Carried Out in North Sikkim District of Sikkim funded by Bhavishya Bharat
(Mukul Kumar & Atulan Guha)

Preparing a report on "Local Self Government in India" for the Citizens` Report on Governance and Development 2015
(Prof. Shyam Singh & Prof. Indranil De)

Social Watch India releases a country report on governance and development from citizen's perspectives. The paper on ‘Local Self Government in India' analyses recent developments in the in rural and urban local governance, specially the inclusiveness of the local institutions in terms of spaces provided to citizens in the process of governance. This includes the devolution of functions, finances and functionaries, the relevance of middle layer Panchayati Raj Institutions, effectiveness of District planning Committees, implication of rights based legislations on local institutions, etc.

"Informal Employment, Poverty and Growth in India and China (August 2009 to September 2012)

(Prof. Jeemol Unni)

The project "Informal Employment, Poverty and Growth in India and China" supported by IDRC (International Development Research Centre) between 2009 and 2012 was jointly implemented by the Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA) India, and the Institute of Population and Labour Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) China, in partnership with the Institute of Human Development (India).

The objectives of the project were to build knowledge of the relationship of informal employment to the processes of inclusive growth and poverty reduction in these countries, in the context of global economic and financial conditions. It also sought to examine the institutional basis of informality and the role of the state in regulating the economy and providing social protection for informal workers.

Project focused on understanding and analyzing the aspects of informal employment in India and China. The project achieved considerable success in generating some high quality research on issues related to informality in the labour market, mobility, migrants and informal employment, education and informality, and vulnerability and impact of poverty reduction program in India and China. The results of the project revealed stark differences between Indian and China, notably in the degree of participation in informal employment and their determinants. The project concluded that rapid industrialization and robust labour demand facilitated more positive labour outcomes in China than in India, and this was observed in more formalization (linked to policy reforms and strong incentive structures), better earnings, greater labour mobility, and less segmentation in the Chinese labour market compared to India. The project also opened up other sets of questions, particularly with respect to policy and regulatory impacts, the behavior of informal enterprises, and the dynamics of informal and formal employment at the firm level.

A deeper understanding of informal work and policy dialogue with the Indian and Chinese policy makers was developed through the Workshops held in both countries and the Final Conference held in India.

Research output:

Informal Employment in India China Special Issue Dec 2013

The Indian Journal of Labour Economics


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