Dr. Saswata Narayan Biswas is a professor at the Institute of Rural Management, Anand (IRMA). He has over 30 years of experience in research, teaching, executive training, consulting, including industry experience. He has been a consultant to several organizations. He has conducted large number of executive development programmes in India and abroad. He has been a visiting faculty in several universities (e.g., University of South Australia, GB Pant Institute of Social Science, KIIT University, etc.). He has authored over 50 research papers, published in refereed journals, book chapters, working papers/monographs, and presented in several conferences and seminars in India and abroad. He was the founding chief editor of International Journal of Rural Management (Sage Publications). He is on the editorial boards of several scholarly journals. He is a member of the different national and international academic bodies.
· Awarded a grant by University of South Australia as a visiting Academic in October 2001.
· Recipient of Hari Om award from Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidya Nagar (Gujarat) for the best research paper in Psychology, for the year 1998-99.
· Awarded a grant by the International Congress of Psychology to participate in the Advanced Research Training Seminar (ARTS) on Qualitative Research Methods held at Ottawa, 1996.
· National Merit Scholarship, 1982, by Government of India for postgraduate Studies.
· Junior Research Fellowship (UGC) based on the performance in the National Educational Testing (NET) Programme, 1984, for doctoral work.
Membership of Professional Bodies
· Member Editorial Board, KIIT Journal of Management, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar
· Member Editorial Board, Advances in Management.
· Member and reviewer of International Scientific Committee 1st Asia Pacific Congress on Work and Organizational Psychology/ (AWPCWOP) to be held during 28 June- 1 July 2007 at Adelaide Convention Centre, South Australia URL http://www.iopconference.com.au/Content.aspx?PageID=1034
· Member, Editorial Board, Community, Work and Family, University of Manchester, Carfax Publishing, U. K.
· Member, Editorial Board, International Journal of Rural Psychology,
· Member (1999-2002), General Body of Xavier Institute of Development Action and Studies (XIDAS), Jabalpur.
· Life-member, Association of Stress Research and Management (ASRAM), Vadodara, India.
Individual and Group Behaviour
Ethics and Values in Management
Ateeque Shaikh, Saswata Narayan Biswas, Vanita Yadav, Debiprasad Mishra, (2017) "Measuring fairness in franchisor-franchisee relationship: a confirmatory approach", International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, Vol. 45 Iss: 2, pp.158 – 176.
Biswas, S. N. (2015). Organizational Behaviour Research in Rural Producers’ Cooperatives A Neglected Domain. International Journal of Rural Management, 11(1), 40-59.
Balchandani, R., Nandane, A. S., and Biswas, S. N. (2013). Designing and Developing a RTS Convenience Snack for Diabetics, International Journal of Clinical Case Reports, Vol.3, No.1 1-6. (doi: 10.5376/ijccr.2013.03.0001)
Prajapati, Keerti, and Saswata Narayan Biswas (2011). “Effect of Entrepreneur Network and Entrepreneur Self Efficacy on Subjective Performance: A Study of Handicraft and Handloom Cluster”, Journal of Entrepreneurship, 20 (2), pp. 227-247.
Biswas, U. N., and Biswas, S. N. (2010). Organizational Health, Stress & Commitment during Global Financial Crisis. The Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 46, No. 1, July 2010.
Biswas, S. N. (2009). NGO Accountability: Issues and Possibilities. KIIT Journal of Management, 6 (1&2), 1-25.
Biswas, S. N. (2008). Personality, Generalized Self-efficacy, and Team Performance: A Study of Rural Development Teams, Indian Journal of industrial Relations, 44 (2), 234-247.
Biswas, S. N. (2008). Spirituality and work motivation. Advances in Management, 1(1), 36-40.
Biswas, S. N., and Biswas, U. N. (2007) Spirituality, Religiosity, and Work Motivation: An exploratory empirical assessment. Psychological Studies, 52(1), 29-36.
Moyle, T. M., Dollard, M., and Biswas, S. N. (2006). Personal and economic empowerment in rural women: A self-help group approach. International Journal of Rural Management, 2(2), 245-266.
Mishra, D., Biswas, S. N., and Roy, S. (2005). Governance of NGOs: Contextualizing in the Indian experience. International Journal of Rural Management, 1(2), 185-201.
Biswas, S. N. (2004). Empowerment: From self-efficacy to collective efficacy. Abhigyan, 21 (4), 1-6.
Dollard, M. F., Biswas, S., & Lynch, J. (2004). Developing and Contextualising a Knowledge Base in Rural Work Psychology: Rural development, rural women and entrepreneurship in India and Australia. International Journal of Rural Psychology. http://www.ruralpsych.com
Biswas, S.N., and Biswas U. N. (2001). Legitimizing leadership: A framework for Institutional leadership. Vision: The Journal of Business Perspective. Vol.5 No.2, 33-42.
Biswas, S. N. and Tripathi, R. C. (1998-99). Organizational culture and contextual culture: A cross?cultural and cross?organizational study of managerial attitudes and perception of organizational climate. Prajnan: Journal of Social and Management Sciences, XXVII, 3, 247-262.
Biswas, S. N. (1998). Factors affecting training effort: Influence of involvement, credibility, utility, and training transfer climate. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, 33(3), 313-328.
Biswas, S. N. and Biswas, U. N. (1997). Proeconomic attitudes and development: A cross-cultural study. Psychology and Developing Societies, 9 (2), 225-243.
Biswas, S. N., & Biswas, U. N. (1996). Effect of culture and caste on pro-economic attitudes: A cross-cultural study (Abstracted). International Journal of Psychology, 31(3-4), 274.
Biswas, S. N., &Balaji, C. (1996). Beliefs in co-operative values and employee attitudes. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, 32(1), 21-33.
Biswas, S.N. (1994). Multiple constituency approach to organizational effectiveness: A comparison of banks. Indian Journal of Applied Psychology, 31(1), 6-10.
Biswas, S. N. (1992). Perceptions of organizational climate and effectiveness: A comparative study of district co-operative banks and regional rural banks. Indian Journal of industrial Relations, 28(3), 225-237.
Biswas, S.N. (1992). A comparative study of attitudes of bank managers across three states in India. Abhigyan, Spring, 60?66.
Biswas, S.N. (1991). Upward influence strategies in a bank branch: A participant observation study. Prajnan: Journal of Social and Management Sciences, XX(3), 311?321.
Biswas, S. N. (2016). Individual level ethical values as a moderator between Organizational ethics and organizational citizenship behaviour. Paper presented in the Annual Conference of National Academy of Psychology (NAOP), held at IIT Madras during 29-31 December, 2016.
Biswas, S. N. and Preeti, P. (2014). Determinants of Life-satisfaction in Rural India. Paper presented in the 28th International Congress of Applied Psychology held in Paris (8-13, July, 2014).
Biswas, Saswata Narayan (2013). “Subjective wellbeing research: key to policy making” Invited lecture in the National Seminar on “Mind and Society: Indian Perspectives held on 30-31 March, 2013, organized by MohanlalSukhadia University, Udaipur.
Biswas, S. N. (2011). Human Development and Poverty: Alternative conceptualizations and Measurement. Paper presented in the inaugural session of the XXI Annual Convention of NAOP held at IRMADecember 12-14, 2011.
Biswas, S. N. and Preeti, P. (2011). Determinants of Subjective well-being in Rural India. Paper presented in the XXI Annual Convention of NAOP held at IRMA December 12-14, 2011.
Biswas, S. N. (2011). Organizational Performance in Cooperatives. Paper presented in the XXI Annual Convention of NAOP held at IRMA December 12-14, 2011
Prajapati, Keerti and Saswata Narayan Biswas (2011). “Impact of Entrepreneurial Network, Self-Efficacy, and Personality on Micro-Enterprise Performance: A Study of Artisan Clusters in India”, paper presented in the Annual meeting of American Society of Business And Behavioral Sciences(ASBBS), Las Vegas, February 24-27, 2011.
Prajapati, Keerti and Saswata Narayan Biswas (2011). “Effect of Entrepreneur Network, Behavioral, and Personality Traits on Enterprise Performance: A Study of Rural Artisan Clusters, India”, the Ninth Biennial Conference on Entrepreneurship organized by Entrepreneurship development institute (EDI), Ahmadabad, India February 16-18, 2011.
Prajapati, Keerti and Saswata Narayan Biswas (2010). “Impact of entrepreneurial network, self-efficacy, and demographic characteristics on the performance of rural micro enterprises”, at the XXth Annual Conference of National Academy of Psychology, in Zakir Hussain Centre for Educational Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi, India, December 12-15, 2010.
Saswata Biswas (2007) Spirituality and work motivation. Paper Presented in the 7th Australian &Organizational Psychology Conference 2007, held at Adelaide (June 28-29, 2007).
Biswas, Saswata (2009). Meaning of spirituality at workplace and its role in positive organizational behaviour. Paper Presented in the 8th Industrial &Organisational Psychology Conference held at Sydney (June 25-28, 2009).
Biswas, Saswata (2010). Emerging trends in Organizational Behaviour Research in India. Paper Presented in theXXth Annual Conference of National Academy of Psychology, in Zakir Hussain Centre for Educational Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi, India, December 12-15, 2010.
Biswas, S. N. and Biswas, U. N. (2006). Spirituality, Religiosity, and Motivation: Exploring the Relationship. Paper presneted in the 16th National Academy of Psychology (NAOP) Conference 14th -16th December 2006.
Biswas, S. N. (2005). Human Resources needs of Dairy Sector in India. In the Indian Dairy Association (Gujarat Chapter) Seminar on “Human Resources in Dairy Sector: The DNA for change”, held at Surat on November 8-9, 2005.
Mishra, D., Biswas, S. N., & Roy, S. (2004). Governance of Non GovernmentOrganisations. In the National Symposium on Governance and Development held at Institute of Rural Management, Anand , December 14-19, 2004.
Biswas, S. N. and Aggarwal, U. N. (2004). A Multiple Constituency Model of NGO Governance. Paper presented in the National Symposium on Governance and Development held at Institute of Rural Management, Anand , December 14-19, 2004.
Biswas, S. N. (2003). Empowerment: Development of Collective Efficacy. Paper Presented in the Development professionals meet held at G. B. Pant Institute of social Sciences, Allahabad, March 5-6, 2003.
Biswas S. N. (2002). Developing a Doctoral Level Course in Philosophy of Science. IRMA (TASS), 6th June 2002.
Biswas S. N. and Verjee S. (2002) IRMA Decadal Review of VOLAG-MAP, IRMA (TASS), 22nd May, 2002.
Biswas, S. N. (2001). The Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) counseling: Implications for earthquake relief and rehabilitation volunteers. Paper Presented in the 17th Annual Meeting of The International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies held in New Orleans, Lousiana (USA) December 6-9, 2001.
Biswas S. N. (2001). Some Possibilities for Higher Education Linkage: IRMA and University of South Australia, IRMA (TASS), 8th November 2001.
Biswas S. N. (2001). Team Building and Empowerment. University of South Australia (Whyalla Campus),17th October. 2001.
Biswas S. N. (2001). Trauma of the Earthquake: The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Counselling Implications for Earthquake Relief and Rehabilitation Volunteers, IRMA (TASS), held on 2nd February, 2001.
Biswas, S. N. and Biswas, U. N. (2000). Value Based Leadership. Paper presented in National Conference of Gujarat Council of Educational Administration, Vadodara, December 29-30, 2000.
Biswas, S. N. (1999). Participatory Approach to Rural Development: An Orientation for Rural Development Workers. Paper presented in National Seminar on CPR and Planned Development in Western India, GSS Marthawada University, Nanded, January, (19-21), 1999.
Biswas S. N. (1999). Empowerment: From Self-Efficacy to Collective Efficacy, IRMA (TASS), 19th August, 1999.
Biswas S. N. (1999). A Proposal for Starting a Doctoral Programme in Rural Management at IRMA, IRMA (TASS), 22nd July, 1999.
Biswas S. N. ( 1998). Setting up of a Rural Management Institute – XIDAS, IRMA (TASS), Nov. 5th 1998.
Biswas, S. N. and Nanda, U. N. (1996). Effect of culture and caste on proeconomic attitudes: A cross?cultural study. XXVI International Congress of Psychology, Montreal, August 16?21.
Biswas, S. N. (1995). Fostering creativity and innovations in organisations: An initiative towards human resources development. VI Annual Convention of National Academy of Psychology, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga.
Biswas, S. N. (1994). Factors affecting training effort: Influence of involvement, credibility, utility, and training transfer climate. V Annual Convention of National Academy of Psychology, Allahabad. University, Allahabad
Biswas, S. N. (1994). Culture and Socio-economic Development. IRMA (TASS), 7 April 1994.
Biswas, S. N. (1993). Factors associated with police stress: An empirical investigation. IRMA (TASS), 30 September, 1993.
Biswas, S. N. (1992). Perceptions of organizational climate and effectiveness: A comparative study of district co?operative banks and regional rural banks. Symposium on Management of Rural Cooperatives, Institute of Rural Management, Anand, December 7-11,1992.
Biswas, S. N. and Balaji, C. (1992). Employee?organization cooperative value congruence: Its nature and association with employee related outcomes. Symposium on Management of Rural Cooperatives, Institute of Rural Management, Anand, December 7-11,1992.
Biswas. S. N. (1991). Impact of contextual culture and organizational culture on work attitudes, work climate and work outcomes. II Annual Convention of National Academy of Psychology held at Bhubaneswar.
Biswas, S. N. Jagdale, S, R. (accepted for publication). "Dilemmas in Marketing Approaches for Sanitation at the Bottom of the Pyramid". SAGE Business Cases.
Mitra, S., Yadav, V., Biswas, S. N. (2015). Child In Need Institute (CINI): Changing Lives of Homeless Children on Railway Stations. South Asian Journal of Business and Management Cases June 2015 vol. 4 no. 1 122-134. doi: 10.1177/2277977915574045.
Saswata N Biswas, S. R. Asokan and Suresh B.P (2012). Laxmi Protein Products, Ivey Publishing, Richard Ivey School of Business, Ontario, Canada, available at https://www.iveycases.com/ProductView.aspx?id=55314.
Biswas, S. N. (2016). Organizational Behaviour in cooperatives. In R. C. Tripathi and Rohit Dwivedi (eds.) Organizational Studies in India (pp. 443-470), Hyderabad: Orient BlackSwan.
Mohanty, N., and Biswas, S. N. (2014). Freedom and Reactance: The Case of Social Marketing for Public health. In Biswas, U. (ed.) Social Psychology of Health: The Issues and Concern in India (ISBN: 9789351250012). New Delhi: Concept.
Aggarwal, U. N., & Biswas, S. N. (2005). Organizational Culture and Global Competitiveness. In Charles Xavier, CS Adhikari and BV RamanaMurty (eds.) Human Resource Interventions in the Global Competitive Regime –Strategies for Leadership. New Delhi: Excel Books.
Biswas, S. N., and Biswas, U. N. (2002). “Institutional leadership: A value based approach”, in Sneha M. Joshi and K. Pusphanadham (eds.) Value Based Leadership in Education (28-49). New Delhi: Anmol.
Biswas, S. N. (2000). “Participatory approach to rural development: A behavioural orientation for rural development workers”, in B. C. Barik (ed.), Resource Management and Contours of Development: Reflections through Macro-Micro Narratives (165-182), Jaipur: Rawat.
Biswas, S. N. (1999).) “Perceptions of organizational climate and effectiveness: A comparative study of district co?operative banks and regional rural banks”, in C. Balaji and K. Prathap Reddy (eds.), Organisational Behaviour Issues in Rural Cooperatives (72-87). New Delhi: Allied Publishers.
Biswas, S. N. and Balaji C. (1999). “Beliefs in Cooperative Values and Employee Attitudes”, in C Balaji and K Prathap Reddy (eds.), Organisational Behaviour Issues in Rural Cooperatives (48-58). New Delhi: Allied Publishers.
Biswas, S. N., and Mishra, D. (2016). Making The Mahila Sabha Work: A Study In The Kutch District Of Gujarat. IRMA WP#277.
Biswas. S. N., and Priya, P. (2015). What brings satisfaction to rural life? Analysis of personal and social factors of life satisfaction. IRMA Working Paper No. 265., IRMA, Anand.
Biswas, S. N. (2013). Organizational Behaviour in Cooperatives. IRMA Working Paper Series No. 243.
Biswas, S. N., Biswas, U. N. (2006).Spirituality , Religiosity, and Motivation: Exploring the relationships. IRMA Working Paper Series No. 194.
Biswas, S. N., and Aggarwal U. (2005). Human Resource Needs of the Rural Development NGOs in India. IRMA Working Paper Series No. 187.https://www.irma.ac.in/ipublications/publicationdetail.php?cid=2&pid=670
Biswas, S. N. (2002). Empowerment: Development of Collective efficacy. Co-operative Bulletin. July 2002, 3-8.
Biswas, S. N. and Sarfraj Verjee (2002). A Decadal Review of VOLAGMAP: Problems and Prospects in NGO Management Education. Unpublished Report.
Biswas, S.N., and Biswas U. N. (2001). Legitimising Leadership: A framework for Institutional leadership. IRMA working Paper Series No. 160 .https://www.irma.ac.in/ipublications/publicationdetail.php?cid=2&pid=697
Biswas, S. N. and Biswas, U. N. (1995). Impact of culture and caste on proeconomic attitudes and beliefs. IRMA Working Paper Series No. 72.https://www.irma.ac.in/ipublications/publicationdetail.php?cid=2&pid=1043
Biswas, SN (2000) “Human Resource Strategy: Architecture for Change by Ashok Chanda and ShipraKabra, New Delhi: Response Books (A division of Sage Publications), 2000,” Vision: the Journal of Business Perspective, July-December, pp. 70- -72.
Exploring correlates of subjective well-being (SWB) in Rural India
We explore well-being and rural life through a systematic research effort. This effort commenced only in 2011. Since then we have collected data from 26 villages across 12 states6 from more than 1000 respondents. We have primarily asked four questions in our research ; i) what comprises SWB, ii) what are the enablers or facilitators of SWB, iii) what are the mediating factors of SWB and iv) what are moderating SWB.
Answers to these questions, we believe, will help us to build a more unified and cohesive model of measuring SWB. The possible correlates that were chosen in our study manifest our multidimensional perspective on well-being. The set of possible enablers, mediators and moderators include basic demographic variables (gender, marital status, land ownership, occupational status, education, etc.), inequality, materialistic aspirations, materialistic possessions, social support and relationships, income sources, income and financial health. The patterns we found are quite intriguing and stimulating in the context of the poverty and development debate. While most studies in US and Europe have found a very modest effect of inequality on individual well-being, we find the perceived inequality as the most important determinant of one’s well-being followed by social support. Income is a direct enabler albeit a minor one when we compare it with the impact of materialism. Income stands out as a strong moderator between materialism and possessions. At an aggregate level, we find that villages with more closely-knit communities report higher SWB, even in the absence of basic infrastructure like access to school, markets, etc. Villages in the plains report relatively lower SWB because of inequality within the community and outside in terms of education and income. When controlled for homogeneity, villages with larger access to market and improved infrastructure report greater well-being at individual level and also at aggregate level. The information emanating from our surveys in these 26 villages do reveal deeper insights about the well-being of rural areas than what we have been able to gather from traditional household income and consumption surveys. It has forced us to recast our thinking about the whole issue of poverty and development. We should try to assess the positive impact of rural development interventions by the state, market and civil society on rural lives. The measures trying to improve the infrastructure and as well as the income generation possibilities in rural areas are likely to go a long way towards improving the happiness and well-being of the young in rural areas and enhancing their ability to make livelihood choices in the long term.
Title of the FPCR: Citizens Report on Rural Local Bodies (Gram Panchayats)
With about 69% of the population still living in rural areas, the village level panchayat are supposed to be providing a large number of services to the citizens as well as providing the citizens to govern themselves by taking active part in the functioning of these institutions. However, several reports suggest that this ideal is far from being achieved. The challenges faced by the citizens in terms of accessing and use of services and their role in the process of governance is manifold. In this study we aspire to make an attempt to understand these challenges from the citizens’ point of view.
· To understand the extent to which the local rural bodies provide different services to the citizens in their area.
· Extent of people's participation in rural self governance
· Citizen feedback on the various services provided by the rural local bodies
· Explore citizen friendly practices, design performance standards for different services and operation issues in service delivery.
Indicative list of services to be covered:
Drinking water, sanitation, health, education, basic infrastructure (roads, electricity), PDS, and other developmental activities
Case studies of each village panchayat which will be based on in-depth interviews, responses on a structured questionnaire, focus-group discussions on the above mentioned services, records maintained by gram panchayat, observation by researchers.
Access to different services
Usage of different services
Importance of the services provided to the citizen
Problems faced by the citizen
Different types of interaction with the elected representatives of the local body
Interaction experience with the officials of the local bodies
Problems faced by the citizen in accessing and utilizing the services
Resolution of the problems
Participation in Gram Sabha meetings
Dispute resolution mechanism
1. Bhatt, H. & Biswas, S. N. (2014-15). Development of Training Modules for managers of District Milk Unions in India.
2. Biswas, S. N. and Bhatt, H. (2012-13). A study of Mineral foundation of Goa. Sponsored by MFG Goa
3. Biswas, S. N., Durgaprasad, M. V., Agarwal, Girish, and Roychoudhry, Himadri (2011). A study of Rajasthan Dairy Cooperative federation in terms of Procurement, Marketing, and Human Resource Management Issues.
4. Biswas, S. N., Mishra Debiprasad, Kothiyal, N,, and Dandekar, A. (2010). Organizational Development Study of Kerala Institute of Local Adminstration (KILA).
5. Singh, P. K., Biswas, S. N., and Dandekar, A. (2010). Mid-term Evaluation of XI Plan of Danam and Diu, Planning Commission, New Delhi.
6. Vaswani, L. K., Biswas, S. N., and Panda, H. B. (2006). Creating a New Rural Management Institution in Bangalore. Karnataka Milk Federation.
7. Panda, H. B., Biswas, S. N., and
8. Mishra, D. P., Biswas, S. N., Singh, P. K., and Mishra, H. (2005). A study of NGO sector in Rajasthan. Sponsored by Sterlite Industries.
9. Biswas, S. N., Mishra, D., & Gupta, Arvind. (2003-04). A study of Institutional design and linkages in District Poverty Intervention Project (DPIP) – Madhya Pradesh. The study was commissioned by the DPIP- MP with the active support of the World Bank
10. Biswas, S. N., Reddy, K. P., Mishra, D., Kirshnamurty, G., Hiremath, B. N. (2003). Design and implementation of a strategy, for selection of Managing Directors in the co-operative sugar factories in the state of Maharashtra. The project commissioned by the Office of the commissioner of Sugar,
11. Reddy, K. P., Mehta, M., Mishra, D. P, Bhatt, H., & Biswas, S. N. (1999-2002). Changing face of administration: Vadodara Model District Project Phase I (1999-2000) and Phase II (2001-02). The project commissioned by Government of Gujarat/NDDB, Anand.
12. Vaswani, L. K., Reddy, K. P., & Biswas, S. N. (2002). Development of health indicators of rural Self-help Groups (SHGs) promoted by Kerala Horticulture Development Project (KHDP),
13. Biswas, S. N., & Giri, D. K. (1998-99). Evaluation and Development of a Strategic Plan of Xavier Institute of Development Action and Studies (XIDAS), Jabalpur. The study was commissioned by of Xavier Institute of Development Action and Studies (XIDAS),
14. Arul, M. J., & Biswas, S. N. (1995-97). Process Documentation of Joint Irrigation Management and Joint Forest Management. The study was commissioned by Aga Khan Rural Support Programme (India).
15. Mishra, D., & Biswas, S. N. (1995-96). External Evaluation of Total Literacy Mission in Junagadh District of Gujarat. The study was commissioned by the District Literacy Committee, Junagadh.
16. Mishra, D., & Biswas, S. N. (1996). Design and Development of a Consumer Education Programme for Liquid Milk in Ajmer City. The study commissioned by the National Dairy Development Board, Anand.
17. Biswas, S. N., Reddy, K. P., Shylendra, H. S., Krishnamurty, G., Patwardhan, M. (1995-96). Evaluation of the office of District Development Managers (DDMs) of National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). The study was commissioned by NABARD.
18. Ballabh, V., Singh, S., Thomas, P., Shylendra, H. S., & Biswas, S. N. (1994-95). Designs of Organisations For Rural Development:
19. Biswas, S. N., Rajagopalan, R., Reddy, K. P., Mishra, D., & Sriram, M. S. (1993-94). A Case Study of National Egg Coordination Committee. National Egg Co-ordination Committee,
20. Tripathi, R. C., Naidu, R., Thapa, K., & Biswas, S. N. (1991-92). Identifying factors related to work stress among police personnel and suggesting intervention strategies. The project was supported by the Bureau of Police Research and Development Organisation, New Delhi.