Faculty Profile


Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan

Primary Areagroup(s):

Social Sciences


Associate Professor

Current Areas of Interest:

Economic measurement, sustainable use of resources, energy, water, human development, disarmament, world peace, and socio-political reforms.


Profile Summary
  • Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan is an engineer-turned development researcher with an M.Tech. in Thermal Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, and Ph.D. in Development Studies from Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai. Prior to joining IRMA, he was with National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore in the Energy Environment Programme since February 2012. He had industry experience as a software professional at Infosys Limited, Bangalore (during 1998-99) and Geometric Global, Mumbai (during 2001-04). As a part of civil society interventions through Peoples Foundation for Scientific Socio Economic Development (PeFSSED; www.pefssed.org), he has been involved in education, health, and livelihood issues in urban slums and remote villages of Maharashtra, Odisha, and Uttar Pradesh.

    Dr. Nathan has won the Elsevier-National Academy of Sciences, India Young Scientist Award 2017 in Social Sciences. He was the Subir Chowdhury Post-doctoral Fellow at the London School of Economics for the academic year 2016-17. Montreal during 2019. Dr. Nathan is also one of the winners in the GDN Awards and Medals Competition 2013 in the category of Outstanding Research on Development. He is a recipient of Young Scientist Award conferred at Odisha Environment Congress-2012. In the doctoral years, his research papers have received best paper awards in four colloquiums: Doctoral Colloquim-2010 (IIM, Ahmedabad), COSMAR-2007 and 2008 (IISc, Bangalore), and SCODER-2007 (IGIDR, Mumbai). Dr. Nathan`s most significant research contributions are `Conceptualized and developed frameworks for both, structuring and selection of sustainable development indicators`; in a co-authored works he proposed an alternative approach to measure human development index and conceived a novel method to assess energy poverty.

    For details of his work, see - http://works.bepress.com/hippu.


    • NASI Scopus Young Scientist Award - 2017 in Social Sciences by Elsevier and National Academy of Science India (NASI) conferred on Oct 31, 2017 at New Delhi The award is given on the basis of overall quality and number of publications, nature and uniqueness of research, outcomes of research, impact on society, and vision of the researcher.
    • International Fellowship Award from Urban Studies Foundation: Awarded a six-month fellowship (2018-2019) for the proposal - Urban Sustainability frameworks: Case of Mumbai Transportation battleground - at the McGill University, Montreal.
    • Subir Chowdhury Fellowship on Quality and Economics 2016, London School of Economics and Political Science. The study proposal accepted for this fellowship is entitled as - Energy Poverty and Quality of Life in India: A household-level analysis.
    • Best Paper Award at IPE Golden Jubilee International Conference on Climate Change and Sustainable Development: Global Perspective, at Institute of Public Enterprise, Hyderabad, February 20-21, 2014 for the paper - Mumbai Public Road Transport at Crossroads: Will it Perish or Prosper? - With Lakshmikanth Hari, Dhruv Sanghavi, & Arif Virani.
    • Second runner up in the category of Outstanding Research in Development for the research proposal - Inclusiveness of Human Development in India - in Global Development Awards and Medals Competition hosted by Global Development Network (GDN). This proposal topped amongst all the proposals received under the theme Inclusive Growth. Presented the proposal at 14th Annual Global Development Conference at Asian Development Bank Headquarters, Manila, Philippines, Jun 19-21, 2013. The proposal was jointly developed with Dr Srijit Mishra.
    • Young Scientist Award at Odisha Environment Congress (OEC) - 2012 for the paper titled - Pipeline Politics - Study of India`s Proposed Cross Border Gas Projects, organized jointly by Human Development Foundation (HDF), Bhubaneswar, Centre for Environment and Development (CED), Tiruvananthapuram, and Regional Museum of Natural History (RMNH), Govt. of India held at RMNH, Bhubaneswar, Dec 2012. The paper was co-authored with Sanket S Kulkarni and Dilip R Ahuja.
    • Best Paper Award in Doctoral Colloquim-2010 (in Advanced Papers category) for the paper titled -Gender-based Indicators in Human Development: Correcting for Missing Women, at Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad, Jan 2010.
    • Best Paper Award (first prize) in COSMAR-08 for the paper titled - Gender-based Indicators in Human Development: Correcting for Missing Women, at Dept of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, Nov 2008.
    • Best Paper Award (first prize) in COSMAR-07, for the paper titled - An Alternative Approach to Measure HDI, at Dept of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Dec 2007.
    • Best Paper Award (first prize) in SCODER-07, for the paper titled - An Alternative Approach to Measure HDI, at Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR), Mumbai, Sep 2007
    • M Tech thesis got nominated from IIT Delhi for Inter IIT Innovation Potential of Students Projects Award - 2001.


    • Ph.D. in Development Studies (2011), Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai. Thesis title: Indicators of Sustainable Resource Use and Human Development.
    • Master of Technology (M.Tech.) (2001) in Thermal Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi. Thesis title: Design and Fabrication of Test Facility to Collect Dust Particles through Spray Water.
    • Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) (1998) in Mechanical Engineering, University College of Engineering (UCE). (Sambalpur University, Odisha).
    • +2 Science (1994), BJB College, Bhubaneswar.
    • Matriculation (1992) at Govt. High School, Unit-1, Bhubaneswar. 


  • Measuring Development
  • Community-oriented Research Methods
  • Energy for Sustainable Development
  • Participatory Rural Appraisal
  • Public Policy Analysis
  • Development Theories
  • Development Perspectives: Concept and Theories
  • Written and Oral Communication
  • Research Methods
  • Village Fieldwork Segment
  • Governance and Development


  • De, I., Chattopadhyay, S., Nathan, H. S. K., Mishra, P., Parey, A., & Dutta, S. (2022). Structural and institutional arrangements impacting collective actions in WUAs of West Bengal, India. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 1-26.
  • Nathan, H. S. K., Das, S. D., & PS, A. P. (2022). Rural microgrids-`Tragedy of commons` or `community collective action`. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 1-16.
  • Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan (2020), "Towards a new approach in measuring energy poverty: Household level analysis of urban India", Energy Policy, 140(2020) (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111397)
  • Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan and Srijit Mishra (2019), "Human Impact Assessment", Chapter 16, Cyclone Fani: Damage, Loss, and Need Assessment, pp: 159-173. Government of Odisha in collaboration with Asian Development Bank jointly with United Nations India and The World Bank. Jointly with Srijit Mishra. Report available on International Labour Organization https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/documents/publication/wcms_732468.pdf

Policy Briefs

  • Srijit Mishra, Sarthak Gaurav, and Hippu Salk Krislte Nathan "Gross and Per Capita District Domestic Product for Odisha, 2018-19: A Baseline prior to FANI", Policy Brief #8, Nabakrushna Choudhury Centre for Development Studies, Jun 02, 2019.

Book Review published in print digital media other than journals

  • Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan (2019) Book Review on Gulshan Dietl, India and the Global Game of Gas Pipelines. London and New York, NY: Routledge, India Quarterly: A Journal of International Affairs, 75(1), pp. 114-117.


  • Prof. Hippu Salk Kristle presented paper entitled "Towards a new approach in Measuring Energy Poverty: Household-level analysis of Urban India" during one-day workshop on Dynamic Economic models for Policy Analysis at the Business School, University of Hull (UK); September 12, 2019.
  • Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan Presented paper on Resource Sufficiency: An Indispensable Strategy for Sustainable Development at PAGE (Partnership for Action on Green Economy) Workshop organized by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and UN bodies including ILO, UNDP, UNIDO, UNITAR, and The Energy and Resources Institure (TERI) during Consultation for Western and Southern States of India: Towards Inclusive Green Economies at The International Centre, Goa; August 12, 2019.


  • Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan Presented paper on Ethical Reflection of `Choice` in Development Project at conference on Development Ethics Practice at the Institute of Education, University College London (UK) for the Annual HDCA (Human Development and Capability Association); September 8, 2019.
  • Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan Presented paper on Urban Institutional Rooftop PV Electricity: is this the answer to the solar question? under a session on Energy Geographies` at RGS-IBG (Royal Geographic Society in association with Institute of British Geographers) Annual International Conference 2019, organized at the RGS premises and the Imperial College of London (UK); August 28-30, 2019
  • Hippu Salk., presented a paper in national conferfence "Sustainability of Solar Microgrid and Home-lighting Systems" at the IEEE Power and Energy Society Student Congress 2018 held at BEC, Bagalkot, Karnataka, Nov 2, 2018.

Working Papers

  • WP#334
    India`s Energy Security at Macro and Micro Levels: A Novel Assessment, Dilemma between Renewable and Non-renewable, and Possible Trade-offs
    Author(s): Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan
  • WP#331
    Energy Poverty and Environmental Priority in Rural India
    Author(s): Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan, Lakshmikanth Hari
  • WP#289
    Towards a New Approach in Measuring Energy Poverty: Household Level Analysis of Urban India
    Author(s): Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan, Lakshmikanth Hari


  • Measuring Development, (July 4 - 5, 2019)


  • Training and Facilitation Programme for Agribusiness Entrepreneurs for Uttarakhand Decentralized Watershed Development Project, (December 9 - 24, 2020)
  • Result-Based Approach to Rural Development Management for Society for Action in Community Health, (October 10 - 13, 2019)
  • Faculty Development Programme on Contemporary Management of Public Systems, (May 30 - June 3, 2019)

Research and Consulting

On going
  • Assessment on the functioning and Socio-Economic changes of the members of the Water Users Association (WUA) (Member)

Faculty Recognition

  • Invited for a talk during National Seminar on `India`s National Security: Challenges and Options` hosted jointly by School of Liberal Studies, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University and National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore on "India`s Energy Security: Novel Assessments, Major Dilemmas, and Potential Trade-offs"; March 13, 2020. [2020]
  • Invited for a talk on "Diagnosis and Dissection of Energy Poverty in India: A novel methodological approach" at the Centre for Studies in Economics and Planning, School of Social Sciences, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar; January 28, 2020. [2020]
  • Invited for a talk on "Solar for energizing rural and urban India - lessons and strategies through a few case studies" at the CET Institution Innovation Council (IIC) lecture series at College of Engineering Technology, Bhubaneswar on January 21, 2020 [2020]
  • Invited as thesis examiner of an M.Phil Thesis of Central University of Gujarat. [2019]
  • Invited to participate at the plenary roundtable to discuss on the future directions of Human Development and Capability Association, held at Institute of Education, SOAS University, London alongside the Human Development and Capability Association Annual Conference 2020 on September 11, 2019 [2019]
  • Invited as speaker at PAGE (Partnership for Action on Green Economy) Sub-national Workshop to speak on the topic "Resource Sufficiency: An Indispensable Strategy for Sustainable Development", organized by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and other UN bodies (ILO, UNDP, UNIDO, UNITAR); and The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) at the Consultation for Western and Southern States of India: Towards Inclusive Green Economies at The International Centre, Goa; Aug 12, 2019. [2019]
  • Invited as part of expert panel to study impact of Cyclone Fani undertaken in collaboration with the United Nations, World Bank, and the Asian Development Bank along with various departments of Odisha state government. The study conducted between May 24, 2019 and June 4, 2019 presents estimates of the damage, loss and recovery needs across 15 sectors. Contributed to the assessment of human impact of the cyclone on the 14 affected districts. [2019]
  • Invited for radio talk on "Sustainable Tourism" at All India Radio (Bangalore) broadcast for the programme English Talk at Primary 612 kHz; January 4, 2019 (7.30 pm). [2019]
  • Invited to deliver talk on "Sustainability of Solar Microgrid and Home Lighting Systems" at the IEEE Power and Energy Society Student Congress 2018 at BEC, Bagalkot, Karnataka; November 2, 2018. [2018]