Managing Water Assets for Efficiency, Sustainability and Equity

3rd International Conference on Maintenance and Intelligent Asset Management (ICMIAM2022)

Pre-Conference Workshop

Managing Water Assets for Efficiency, Sustainability and Equity

12th December 2022


Organized by

Water Centre

Institute of Rural Management Anand, Gujarat

Sustainable use of natural resources depends on a few fundamental principles: reduce, reuse, recycle, reclaim and restore. According to UNICEF, over two billion people live in countries where the water supply is inadequate. Furthermore, four billion people, almost two-thirds of the world's population, experience severe water scarcity for at least one month each year. In India, almost 600 million people face high to extreme water stress, as per a NITI Aayog report in 2018. Hence, water resources need to be managed efficiently and sustainably.

Access to water resources is crucial for equitable and fair distribution. The challenges could be the inability to access water resources for irrigation, drinking water, and other household uses as well as difficulty in water treatment, reuse and restoration. The efficient and sustainable management of water resources needs infrastructure or assets, which will in turn improve access and distribution. There could be challenges to creating these assets as well as their operation and maintenance. Government resources may support infrastructure development. However, it may not be possible for government departments to operate and maintain. In this workshop, we would discuss, deliberate and attempt to find practical solutions to the problems of asset creation and operation and maintenance (O&M) for water management.

Collective organizations are developed for natural resource management throughout the world. It is possible to develop collective institutions for managing water resources which can not only ensure sustainable use of water but also widen the livelihood opportunities of the communities. However, these institutions may face challenges due to capture and lack of transparency and democracy. Failure of mechanical systems or inefficiency can make the collectives irrelevant to farmers. One of the objectives of the workshop is to understand these problems deeper and find solutions.

One in ten people in the world lack access to safe water. According to UNICEF, less than 50 percent of the population has access to safe drinking water in India. Hence, access to safe drinking water for every household is important, especially for the poor. To ensure access to drinking water supply, the Government of India has initiated Jal Jeevan Mission to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024. Along with water supply infrastructure and its management, safe water supply to all is also dependent on sustainable use of water through treatment and reuse.  

Treatment and reuse of water are one of the key components of sustainable water use. The traditional liquid waste treatment systems are centralized systems which require energy and technical expertise to operate and manage. These systems are inappropriate for developing countries due to shortage of resources and capacity. Furthermore, efficient use of treated water is difficult due to adequate distribution networks. Hence, decentralized natural treatment systems (NTSs) can be considered as an alternative. In spite of its virtues, knowledge about NTS in developing countries is lacking. Furthermore, there is no standard business model to make these systems economically beneficial. In this context, it is important to understand the technical as well as economic factors affecting the success and failure of the NTSs.    

Workshop Chairs

Prof. Indranil De, Associate Professor, Institute of Rural Management Anand

Session Plan

Session I:
[10 -11 AM]
Inauguration of the Workshop
  Keynote Address

Prof. Tushar Shah, Professor Emeritus, Institute of Rural Management
  Guest of Honour

Mr. Prabhat Mishra, Principal Secretary, Government of West Bengal
Session II:
[11 AM – 1 PM]
Sustainability of Assets Created by Water Collectives for Irrigation
Mr. Subhashis Dutta, Institutional Development Coordinator - SPMU, West Bengal Accelerated Development of Minor Irrigation Project (WBADMIP), Government of West Bengal
Mr Biswajit Bera, Superintending Engineer Water Resources Investigation & Development Department and District Project Director (Technical) & WBADMI Project
Prof. Indranil De, Associate Professor, Institute of Rural Management Anand, Gujarat
Dr. Shilp Verma, Senior Researcher, Water-Energy-Food Policies, International Water Resource Management (IWMI), Anand
Session III:
[2 PM – 4 PM]
Natural Treatment Systems and Safe Water Supply
Prof. Akhilendra Bhushan Gupta, Professor, Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur
Prof. Pradip Kalbar, Associate Professor, Indian Institute of Technology – Bombay
Tejas Deshmukh, WASH Consultant, UN Agency
Prof. Indranil De, Associate Professor, Institute of Rural Management Anand,  Gujarat
  Vote of Thanks

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Workshop on 

Asset Management Fundamentals

Date : 12/12/2022 Time : 1 pm to 4 pm


Better Asset Management results in enhanced planning, coordination, communication, competency and decision making for infrastructure organisations. Improving these areas leads to an enhanced bottom line as cost and risk are reduced.

For many organisations, it is a challenge to know where to start when aspiring for improved Asset Management. This workshop will help participants to understand the fundamental principles of Asset management, the scope of ISO55000 and how to apply this standard and realise the benefits it offers.

This workshop is broadly based on the elements within ISO55000, the International Standard on Asset Management.

Participants are expected to learn:

> Fundamentals of Asset Management

> The elements of an Asset Management System

> Improving current Asset Management practices

> Leadership and communication

> Continual improvement

Session1  (1 pm to 2:25 pm)

What is Asset Management?

Understanding ISO55000

  1. Value
  2. Alignment of organisational objectives
  3. Leadership and workplace culture
  4. Assurance that assets will fulfil their required purpose

Requirements of ISO55001

Tea break (2:25 pm to 2:40 pm)
Session2: (2:40 pm to 4:00 pm)

Strategic Asset Management Plan

Asset Management Plan

How to approach Gap Analysis

How to approach a desired balance of cost, risk and performance?

Who should attend?

  • Senior managers
  • Asset Managers
  • Engineers
  • Maintenance Managers
  • Accounts managers
  • Commercial managers
  • Asset Management Practitioners
  • Planners
  • Capex and Opex decision makers
  • Other managers and executives related to asset and project management.


Dr. Gopi Chattopadhyay, g.chattopadhyay@federation.edu.au, Ph: +61402467737
Dr Raghuvir Pai, Raghuvir.pai@manipal.edu Mob: +91 9945670697


Dr. Gopi Chattopadhyay, Ph.D. (University of Qld), has 40 years of experience in industries and Universities in operations, maintenance, reliability and asset management. He is Postgraduate Programme Coordinator for Maintenance and Reliability Engineering in Federation University. He was Professor  of Strategic asset management in Central Qld University and Head of Engineering Management programmes in Qld University of Technology, Australia. He is current Chair of Gippsland and was past Chairs of Brisbane and Gladstone of Asset Management Council, past President of Australian Society for Operations Research (Qld) and Vice President of Maintenance Engineering Society of Australia (MESA, Qld), industry reviewer of ISO55000 series of standards on Asset Management and Total Asset Management Plan of Queensland Government. Gopi was Chair of International Conference on Maintenance and Intelligent Asset Management (ICMIAM 2020-2022). Gopi supervised 19 PhD and Master students to successful completion, secured over 2.5 Million Australian dollars of funding and published 200 international journal and conference papers.
Raghuvir Pai is a Professor in Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Manipal, India. He completed his Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering from Manipal Institute of Technology, Mysore University. Later he pursued his PhD in Tribology from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. Subsequently he has worked as a Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, BOYSCAST postdoctoral research fellow at Cranfield University, England. He was a research fellow at Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane and an Endeavour Executive Fellow, Australian Government at Federation University Australia. He was the Dr T.M.A. Pai endowment chair in Tribology at MAHE, Manipal. He has held various administrative positions in MAHE, Manipal over the past 20 years. He was the Head of Department, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Joint Director at Manipal Institute of Technology, Director of International Centre for Applied Sciences  and Director Research (Technical), MAHE, Manipal. He was the founder Dean of the School of Engineering at Manipal’s Dubai campus. He was also the founder Dean of the School of Science and Engineering at Manipal International University, Malaysia. He has a number of  research publications in journals and international and national conferences. His expertise in research is in the field of water lubricated bearings, externally-adjustable bearings, tri-taper bearings, tribology of machining metal matrix composites, Nano lubricants in bearings and Biomechanics. Ten students have completed their Ph D dissertation with him and currently there are06 other students pursuing their PhD. He is the founder President of Asset Management Society, India.

It is mandatory to register to attend the workshop. Register Here

Pre-conference Workshop ICMIAM, IRMA
12th December 2022
Asset Management in Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH)
Organized by
Development Management Institute (DMI)

Access to safe drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) are essential for individual and societal health and well-being, and for maintaining the dignity of life. Several resolutions by the United Nations have recognized Safe WASH as a fundamental right for all. The world community has accepted access and availability of safe WASH as a global priority through international treaties such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). SDG-6 obliges nations to ensure access to water and sanitation for all by 2030, with dedicated targets for water and sanitation. While SDG target 6.1 aims to achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water by 2030, SDG target 6.2 requires all nations to “achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation” by 2030[1].

For several decades, improving population access to safe drinking water and sanitation has been a policy and program priority in India. The Government of India’s (GoI) commitment towards safe sanitation for all is witnessed through programmes such as Central Rural Sanitation Programme (CRSP) in 1986, Total Sanitation Campaign in 1999, and Swachh Bharat Mission – Grameen (SBM-G) in 2014. Over 100 million toilets have been constructed across India, and 600 thousand villages have been declared ODF across 706 districts in India under the SBM-G phase one[2]. Phase two of SBM-G also pays specific attention to cleanliness and hygiene. The GoI has shown a similar commitment towards providing its citizens with safe drinking water. In 1972, the GoI launched Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme, later renamed as National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) in 2009, a centrally sponsored scheme with fund sharing between the centre and the states. The primary objective of this programme was to “enable all households to have access to and use safe and adequate drinking water within premises to the extent possible”; by 2030[3], in line with SDG-6.

In 2019, the GoI launched Jal Jeevan Mission: Har Ghar Jal to ensure tap water supply to every rural household by 2024. The Har Ghar Jal programme aims to empower the community to plan, implement, and manage the operation and maintenance of piped water supply schemes at the local level, enabling a responsive and responsible leadership for the piped water supply programme. The NJJM targeted to provide tap connections to 19.35 crore rural households across India by 2024. According to the government data, the mission has provided 10.49 crore rural households with functional tap water connections, achieving 54.20% of its target. In its aim to ensure safe drinking water for all rural households, the NJJM has attained significant improvements since its inception. as indicated by available data, the proportion of rural households with tap water connections significantly increased from 17% in August 2019 to 54% in November 2022[4].

[1] accessed from: https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/water-and-sanitation/ on 10th November 2022
[2] source: NATIONAL ANNUAL RURAL SANITATION SURVEY (NARSS) ROUND-3 (2019-20): National Report. accessed from: https://jalshakti-ddws.gov.in/sites/default/files/NARSS_Round_3_2019_20_Report.pdf on 10th November 2022
[3] source: JJM Note; accessed from: https://jalshakti-ddws.gov.in/sites/default/files/JJM_note.pdf on 10th November 2022
[4] Accessed from: https://ejalshakti.gov.in/jjmreport/JJMIndia.aspx, on 10th November 2022

The piped water supply system involves extensive, interdependent infrastructure, such as pipelines, water tanks, pumps, and other physical infrastructures. The sustainability of such a system may be affected by the system's reliability, robustness, and resilience. The assets of piped water supply are prone to experience extreme environmental conditions, ageing, and deterioration. In addition, the mismanagement of assets by various stakeholders may have an unpredictable and cascading effect on the system's sustainability.

Regular inspection, timely maintenance, and immediate repair are essential to sustain the service provision of the piped water supply programme. Therefore, all stakeholders must develop a comprehensive understanding of the necessity of asset management in the water supply programme, best practices, and the role of key stakeholders in managing assets in the water sector.

In this context, the Development Management Institute (DMI), Patna, proposes to conduct a half-day workshop on "Asset management in Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH)" with the following objectives:

●      To develop an understanding of asset management in the context of the Har Ghar Jal scheme

●      To develop an understanding of the role and responsibilities of community-based civil society organizations in managing assets in the context of the Har Ghar Jal scheme, and

●      To understand different mechanisms and processes available for managing piped water supply assets.

The workshop brings academia and practitioners to discuss diverse aspects of managing assets in the water sector, including but not limited to the systems, actors/ stakeholders, mechanisms, and technology use. The participants of the workshop may explore and develop a comprehensive understanding of different perspectives on managing assets of the piped water supply schemes in the rural context.

Workshop detail

The workshop on 'Asset Management in Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH)' is scheduled on 12th December 2022. The workshop, consisting of four sessions, will start at 10:00 am and conclude at 01:30 pm. The details of the session can be seen in the section below:

Session 1:  Keynote address by Mr Liby T. Johnson, Executive Director, Gram Vikas, on 'WASH asset management - learning from community-owned initiatives'

Mr Liby T. Johnson has a rich and diverse experience in the WASH domain. In this session, he'll share his experience in water supply asset management in the Har Ghar Jal Scheme context. As complex infrastructure gets built in the WASH domain through public investments, the experience and knowledge of Gram Vikas in orchestrating the institutional arrangements for sustainable management of the assets/infrastructure will be of interest to the participants.

Session 2: Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for Behaviour Change Communication (BCC): Prof. Gaurav Mishra, DMI

The session will delve into BCC's importance in WASH asset management. In addition, the session would focus on using ICTs for BCC in communities for sustainable water supply and management of water supply assets. In addition, using a case from Bihar, the session will discuss the opportunities, challenges and limitations of using ICTs for BCC in the WASH domain.

Session 3: Asset Management Implementation in Har Ghar Jal scheme: Prof. Shankar Purbey, DMI

The session will discuss challenges in implementing asset management processes in piped water supply schemes in rural areas. The session will also focus on overcoming the identified challenges using the insights from Bihar fieldwork.

Session 4: Role of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in Har Ghar Jal implementation and management: Dr Umesh Desai, Director (WR) and CTO, Agha Khan Rural Support Programme (India) (AKRSP(I))

The role of civil societies becomes significant in providing technical support during the development of the Village Action Plan (VAP) while also building the capacity of the communities to address various management issues identified during the process. AKRSPI has been working with communities at the grassroots to promote and sustain quality water delivery in rural areas. Hence, their experience sharing would help understand the water supply scheme's field-level challenges and asset management aspects.


Time Session Resource Person
10.00 am - 10.15 am Inaugural Dr Umakant Dash, Director, IRMA, Prof. Debiprasad Mishra, Director, DMI, Prof. Shankar Purbey, Associate Professor, DMI
10.15 am - 11.15 am Keynote address on ‘WASH asset management - learning from community-owned initiatives’
Mr Liby T. Johnson, Executive Director, Gram Vikas
11.15 am – 11.30 am Tea Break
11.30 pm – 12.00 pm ICTs for Behaviour Change Communication (BCC)
Prof. Gaurav Mishra, DMI
12.00 pm – 12.30 pm Asset Management Implementation in Har Ghar Jal scheme
Prof. Shankar Purbey, DMI
12.30 pm – 01.15 pm Role of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in Har Ghar Jal implementation and management
Dr. Umesh Desai, Director (WR) and CTO, AKRSP (I)
01.15 pm - 01.30 pm Valedictory Prof. H.K. Mishra, IRMA
Prof. Gaurav Mishra, DMI
Prof. Shankar Purbey
1.30 pm onwards Lunch

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3rd International Conference on Maintenance and Intelligent Asset Management (ICMIAM2022)
Pre-Conference Workshop
Role of Women in Commons/Asset/Resource Management: Case of Water Management
Organised By
Women’s Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (WICCI)

Detail of the Workshop

Amidst the climate-induced water distress worldwide, it is well-known that women and girls bear the brunt of it more, given the patriarchy. From bearing the responsibility of collecting water for household and sanitation to maintaining hygiene, women have been doing it tirelessly and selflessly. The cumulative proportion of distress is far from matching the gender share in water matters. At the mainstream professional side also, it is far to match the gender share in water matters despite there being several women from STEAM (science, technology, engineering, arts, mathematics) and allied fields besides from grassroots who are bringing change and making an immense impact towards reducing the water problems and finding solutions. According to a World Bank study, there is only one woman among five water professionals worldwide, and India performs lower than the world average. Further, the percentage is seriously meagre and concerning when the professionals are weighed from leadership and decision-making positions. Very few women are at the forefront of water institutions; thus, their contributions go unnoticed, and their involvement in crucial policy-program decisions and actions is undermined.

When initiatives are taken to felicitate women's leadership in the water sector, an approach of highlighting leadership from the rural and vulnerable community is often assumed. It is undoubtedly crucial that their efforts are acknowledged and supported to motivate them to continue their hard work and influence society to solve water problems and bring societal change. It is noticed that most water professional women, like scientists, planners, engineers, policy analysts, architects, activists, and educationists, often go unnoticed and do not get the due acknowledgement and appreciation (barring a few) besides involvement in the mainstream water decisions and actions. For example, in the last two years when several ideas, and decisions were exchanged digitally, over 50 promotional flyers on manels were collected as a matter of concern. Similarly, most conferences, boardrooms and policy meetings/decisions on water/natural resources are often among the manels. The skewed gender representational situations miss addressing the critical and complex aspects of water besides projecting women mainly on the vulnerable side missing their stronger side.

It is realised that the limited acknowledgement and appreciation have hindered the rise of women professionals into leadership and decision-making positions where they can be influential changemakers. Narrow acknowledgement and appreciation also affect their motivation and career path, besides slowing the process of bringing more women into the water sector without known role models in the public domain. Should we hope to arrive at a comprehensive understanding of the water problems and find solutions to the gender composition in the leadership and decision-making positions is crucial.

There is an urgent need to discuss more women for water (leadership) to address the women in water matters (vulnerability) as part of the gender studies. For women to rise to leadership and decision-making positions to have stronger social-political-cultural impacts, it is better to form collectives/consortia which will also be useful in scaling and strengthening their engagements.

The workshop will be a platform for women to present their work in various aspects of water and explore the possibilities of networking towards the leadership of the presenters in the specific field. The workshop specifically highlights women's presence in the water sector. The broad objectives are to understand,

-  the incentives/interests that enable women to consider/chose water endeavours.

-  the entry-level and retention challenges in the water sector,

-  the opportunities of being in the water sector,

-  the policies and procedures crucial in enabling gender equity in leadership,

-  the ways to encourage more women in the water sector and take leadership roles.

The workshop will have the first presentation by a few invited panellists. This will be followed by a discussion on increasing the presence/participation of women in the water sector with a focus on leadership roles.

The workshop will conclude with a roadmap for preparing the workshop proceedings into a joint paper and set of individual papers for the journal. In addition, planning for the next meet.

Workshop Chair

Dr. Mansee Bal Bhargava
National President, WICCI- Water Resources Council
Director, WforW Foundation

Session Plan

10:00 Am to 10:30 Am Registration, Meet and Greet
10:30 Am to 11:00 Am Welcome of Participants and Introduction of the workshop

11:00 Am to 11:15 Am

Water from atmospheric moisture: option for sustainable management of ground water resources and water crisis.

Presenter: Dr. Nivedita Sahu

Membrane Separation Lab, PETT Department, CSIR -Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Tanaka, Uppal Road, Hyderabad

Co-author: Srishti Sridhar

11:15 Am to 11:30 Am

Aqueous processing and surface modification of transition metal oxide for water remediation, energy and aerospace application.

Presenter: Dr. Mamata Mohapatra

Sr. Pr. Scientist Hydro and Electrometallurgy Department, Assistant Prof. (AcSIR Academy), CSIR- Institute of Minerals and Materials technology, Bhubaneshwar, Odisha

Co-Author: Priyanka Mukherjee, PhD Scholar CSIR-IMMT

11:30 Am to 11:45 Am Discussion

11:45 Am to 12:00 Pm

Social norms and socio-physical realities of WASH

Presenter: Deepa Gupta

FPM (RM), Institute of Rural Management Anand, Gujarat

12:00 Pm to 12:15 Pm

Adaptation model for recycling wastewater - urban aquaculture and biodiversity

Presenter: Dr. Sonia Gupta

Professor, School of Architecture and Planning, Woxsen University

Co-author: Suganya Law and Debarati Chakraborty

12:15 Pm to 12:30 Pm Discussion

12:30 Pm to 12:45 Pm

The emerging Women’s Water Professionals Network in India

Presenter: Dr. Mansee Bal Bhargava

National President, WICCI-Water Resources Council

Director, WforW Foundation

12:45 Pm to 13:15 Pm Open House Cases from Participants
13:15 Pm to 13:30 Pm Wrap up and Closure

It is mandatory to register to attend the workshop. Register Here

Energy Asset Management in Rural and Urban Areas
12 December 2022
Organized by
Centre for Rural-Urban Dynamics
Institute of Rural Management Anand, Gujarat

Energy per se is not a need, but energy services are absolutely essential to the functioning of any society. It is central to the delivery of adequate living conditions and provision of basic goods and services such as food, water, health care, education, shelter, employment and other goods and services. Energy use has a strong correlation with quality of life and human development particularly at the initial stages of development. Energy forms one of sustainable development goals (SDGs): SDG7 reads as “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all.” Moreover, energy has a direct bearing in meeting each of the other SDGs.

In this backdrop, this workshop ‘Rural Urban Energy Management’ looks into various energy options, both at the households as well as country level, so as to provide decent standard of living to all the citizens in an efficient, equitable, and environmentally friendly manner. While doing so, it looks into difference in the rural urban characterization of energy choices and management. The workshop through field examples highlights unsustainability risks of energy assets, particularly that of renewable energy systems, that has different constraints in rural and urban context; hence require different approach in management. The workshop also provides strategies to overcome the challenges and pursue these energy assets in sustainable way.

Workshop Chair 

Prof. Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan, Associate Professor, Institute of Rural Management Anand


Specific Objectives

  • To provide an in-depth understanding of concept of energy security from micro (household) to macro (global) perspective.
  • To equip participants with necessary critical skills to analyse the unsustainable risks in energy asset management.
  • To develop insights into the evolution of different energy sources – conventional (coal, gas, hydro) and nonconventional (solar, wind, small hydro) and sectors (domestic, transportation, etc.) in Indian context with specific emphasis on solar for electricity.
  • To understand the rural-urban difference in energy policy.
  • To develop insights into the policies on energy resources, technologies, and practices to promote sustainable development.

Benefits of the Workshop

  • Participants will be able to establish linkages between energy and socio-economic development issues.
  • Participants will be able to assess energy access and energy poverty both at household level and village and regional level.
  • Participants will able to appreciate why certain energy systems fail and certain other succeed in rural and urban set up.
  • Participants will get the insights into the barriers and boosters of renewable energy technologies.
  • Participants will have an understanding on different energy policies of the country towards attaining sustainable development goals.


  • Household energy services; Energy and human development correlations (energy as capacity); Assessing energy access and energy poverty of households – insights into different measurement methods (economic, environmental and access-based)
  • India’s energy scenario, data sources for energy – BP statistics, World Energy Outlook reports, WDI  database, EIA reports.
  • Renewable Energy – Indian and global scenario, Commercialisation of sustainable energy technologies: barriers and boosters; A case of solar water heater
  • Issues and challenges in Microgrid and off-grid (solar home lighting systems and solar microgrids in rural set up and institutional rooftop solar)
  • Energy from global to local - the case of global grid, benefits of shifting Indian Standard Time, Selco energy technologies initiatives for rural livelihoods


Best in practice methods of classroom interactions – based on academic literature, global initiatives, local practices, and case studies.

Who should attend

Students, faculty, development and management practitioners having interest in energy, rural-urban dynamics, and sustainable development.


Please register using the Google Form link here

The registration fee is INR 750 (inclusive of tea/coffee, snacks and lunch)


Please note: It is mandatory to register for the workshop.

All the participants will be provided with certificates